“Paul and Timothy, servants of Christ Jesus, To all the saints in Christ Jesus at Philippi, together with the overseers and deacons” (Phil. 1:1, NIV, emphasis added). The role of deacon varies from congregation to congregation in churches across America. Some churches may acknowledge that such a function existed in first century churches described in scripture, but have no present-day deacon ministry in their own local church. In contrast, other congregations may see the office of deacon as vitally important to their church culture and have a well-defined description of deacon ministry.
The presence, opinion, and practice of deacon ministry differs not only among churches, but also among denominations. Congregations steeped in the Southern Baptist tradition are well-familiar with the presence and significance of the role of deacon in their churches. One would have to search long and hard among the over 42,0001 Southern Baptist congregations to find a church that did not recognize and utilize the role of deacon.
Regardless of how deep-rooted a church or denomination’s tradition may embrace the function of deacons, few churches have a deacon ministry on the level of that of First Baptist Church of Orlando, Florida. This central Florida church has a healthy and thriving ministry of deacons that greatly benefits the widows, in particular, and the church and pastoral staff, in general. Read on to consider a deacon ministry worth emulating.
First Baptist Church of Orlando, Florida
In the sunny city known for big entertainment and big theme parks stands big First Baptist Orlando. A glance at the “Fast Facts” on the church website provides a quick insight into the size and influence of First Baptist Church Orlando.
First Baptist Orlando Fast Facts:
- Established in 1871 with 18 people
- Located on 140 acres with land and buildings of current net worth near over 50 million dollars
- Worship Center has seating for over 5,500
- Annual budget over $17 million
- Give approximately 1.5 million per year to missions, the largest contributor of any Southern Baptist Church in the U.S.
- Average Sunday morning Bible study attendance: 3,800
- Approximately 7,000 in worship attendance on Sunday mornings in three worship services
- About 140 full-time staff, plus about 215 part-time
- 24 pastoral staff
- Purchased former RC Cola bottling plant, adjacent land, Fall 2001; over $3 million given in two months
- Planted two new churches in 2001, Fellowship of Orlando and Keystone Community Fellowship, outside of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- April 15, 2007 two new worship services launched to provide for expansion, a more intimate setting, and for those who cannot attend on Sunday mornings.
The Role of Deacons at First Baptist Orlando and in Southern Baptist Tradition
As strong and healthy a church as First Baptist Orlando is today, there was a time, in the not too distant past, when their understanding of deacon ministry did not mirror the biblical description of the first deacons in Acts 6.
Dr. Jimmy Knott, Teaching Pastor, and Pastor of Assimilation and Leadership Development at First Baptist Orlando, stated that in previous decades the deacons functioned as a “board of directors making decisions … Twenty-five years ago they would have chosen the color of the carpet.”
Such was the practice of many Baptist churches in that era. In his study of the role of deacons, Derek Gentle, under the heading, “The Drift Among Baptists From the Biblical Model,” cites a book published by the Baptist printing house, Broadman Press in 1979.
In the later half of the eighteenth century, a new concept of Baptist deacons emerged and continues to exist in many churches today. This was the view of deacons as a board of church business managers. This view stressed to a seemingly excessive degree the administrative function of deacons …
A Trusted Leader Transitions Deacons From a Board of Directors to a Body of Servants
First Baptist Orlando did not become the church it is today without good leadership. Jim Henry came to serve as Senior Pastor in September 1977. During his nearly thirty years of service, First Baptist Orlando relocated, built multiple buildings, grew exponentially, added staff, and significant ministries. He also led the church and deacons to a new understanding and practice of deacon ministry.
Jimmy Knott has served on the pastoral staff at First Baptist Orlando since 1980 and has overseen the ministry of deacons since 1990. Having known Jim Henry for well over thirty years, and having direct leadership over the deacon ministry for seventeen years, Knott has an excellent perspective of how the role of deacon at First Baptist Orlando has evolved. He says that Jim Henry slowly, lovingly helped the deacons set their eyes on a more biblical understanding of their role.
Jim taught a time or two in those first three or four years on the role of the deacon, being more of a servant, ministering to the body, supporting the elders, the pastors. And he didn’t pound it—Jim wasn’t one to pound it. ‘Let’s just see what the Word of God says.’ And he found a very receptive hearing … and eventually the mindset began to change.
Henry’s pastorate was rooted in strong biblical teaching. He also understood that effective pastoral leadership required actions to implement scriptural concepts. “Jim got more involved in who would be selected to be a new deacon and even become officers. That helps you transition well, when you get people who are more likeminded.”
When a wise, gifted leader lovingly and patiently builds relationships, garners a supportive leadership team, and proposes new ideas from a biblical point of view, unified change is possible. Knott says the deacons changed from being a board of directors to being a body of servants. “In ’90, Jim handed that responsibility (leading the deacons) to me, but … by the time I had inherited there was a real sense of, ‘We are here to serve. How can we help? What do you want us to do?’”
The Deacon Family Ministry Plan Adopted
Like many other Southern Baptist churches who wished to see their deacons serve rather than be administrators in their churches, First Baptist Church Orlando adopted the Deacon Family Ministry Plan in the early 80’s.
Rolen C. Bailey, a Certified Deacon Trainer for the Virginia Baptist Convention, defines the Deacon Family Ministry Plan as “a systematic plan for reaching every family unit in the church through personal ministry.”
The Deacon Family Ministry Plan Exemplified in Another Church
One can understand potential ways the Deacon Family Ministry Plan can effectively impact a church by viewing the implementation of the plan at contemporary churches. North Addison Baptist Church in Spokane, Washington provides a thorough description of their Deacon Family Ministry Plan on their website.
What is the Deacon Family Ministry Plan? It is a plan through which the deacons can join the pastor and church staff in ministering to the physical, spiritual and emotional needs of each church member and family. The resident church families are divided into groups of ten or more families. Each group of families is then assigned to a deacon who will minister to them over a period of time.
A part of each deacon’s meeting is spent praying about specific needs of families and in rejoicing over needs met and victories won. Another part of the meeting may be used in developing deacon’s skills in ministering to family needs.
The Deacon Ministry Family Plan has a stated purpose and delineates how the deacons will fulfill the plan. The North Addison Baptist website describes the ministry with nine points, each illustrative of their Deacon Family Ministry Plan.
How can a deacon help you? Of course, you are the only one who can answer that question. However, there are some specific ways your deacon wants to try to help.
- Visiting you—The first visit will be a get acquainted visit with you and your family. However, your deacon will make other visits throughout the year when someone in your family is in the hospital or when you have sorrow or sickness in the home.
- Witnessing to unsaved family members—One of your deacon’s chief concerns is that every member of your family knows Christ as Savior.
Congregational care and witness to unbelievers is ministry that supplements that of the church staff. The deacons at the Spokane, Washington church also provide emotional support to church members.
- Rejoicing with you and your family—Your deacon will share your joy when you celebrate important events or accomplishments in your life.
- Being a friend—As your deacon listens to your troubles and concerns, you will know someone who cares.
- Giving support in times of crisis—Sometimes your deacon can help you through the crisis by listening and giving support. Other times, your deacon will know someone else or a community agency that can help.
The deacons are not only available to offer emotional encouragement, they are also a resource to help members grow and connect with others in the church body.
- Answering questions about your faith or about your church or denomination—Your deacon will try to find the answers for you.
- Helping you know and have fellowship with other members and families in the church—Your deacon will encourage you to participate in social occasions when families in the assigned group or other church members get together for fun and fellowship.
Under the guidance of a deacon, church members are also pointed toward ministry in the body and have a committed prayer partner.
- Helping you find ways to serve in and through the church—Your deacon will watch for opportunities for you to use the talents, skills, and abilities God has given you.
- Praying for you and with you—Believing that you are important and believing in the power of prayer, your deacon will join with the pastor and other deacons in praying for you and each member of your family.
In the Deacon Family Ministry Plan, every member and every family have a deacon.
The Deacon Family Ministry Plan provides a comprehensive structure for needs to be met by servant leaders in local churches. When a church chooses to define the role of deacon in such a clear manner, the entire church benefits. Deacons, staff, and members all understand that the role of deacon is one of service to the local church.
The Plan Loses Effectiveness at First Baptist Orlando
The adoption of the Deacon Family Ministry Plan at First Baptist Orlando called for deacons to serve as shepherds to families in the church. The deacons embraced their role as servants to the families of the church. For a season, deacons were able to effectively care for the members of the church. However, as the church grew, this particular strategy for deacon ministry no longer fit their particular church context.
Jimmy Knott describes why this model of deacon ministry became ineffective:
(The Deacon Family Ministry Plan) was experiencing a lot of discomfort because the church was growing rapidly. And we just could not keep up with enough deacons to service it. By the time I inherited it, I think we had deacons who had probably a hundred or 120 families … everybody knew, we had a problem. I am a real proponent of the Deacon Family Ministry Plan. The problem is, in a church like ours, … it’s just not practical anymore … So we moved away from that in the early 90s.
Three Timeless Functions
Jimmy Knott knew that, while the Deacon Family Ministry Plan no longer met their needs, a group of servant-minded, spiritual leaders in the church could still have a significant ministry in the life of First Baptist Orlando. Studying Acts 6, Knott saw what he regarded as timeless biblical principles for the ministry of deacons in any church.
Deacons have three primary functions. Number one is to serve the widows. If there’s anything clear in Acts 6, they were given the responsibility to take care of widows. And years ago we looked at that seriously and it is their number one responsibility. If you want to be “un-deac’ed,” if you want to be asked to resign, ignore your widow. We will ask you to resign. We are going to take care of the widows.
Ministry to widows became a central, unchanging function for every deacon at First Baptist Church Orlando. Knott describes the second timeless function of deacon ministry.
And number two … is to support unity in the body, suppress negativism, … develop harmony and oneness, encourage peace. You’re a deacon. You’re always to be a source of harmony and peace and building bridges. You’re never a source of disunity or negativism.
Deacons are to support the church by being positive examples of and promoters of unity. Jimmy Knott indicates that the third function is one of support to the leaders of the church.
And the third thing they did in Acts 6 is to support the pastor, or the elders. Now, how they do that, there’ll be … differences from church to church. What I’ve always encouraged the churches that I’ve gone to is … Take care of the widows; be a source of peace; and support the pastors. And the pastor really ought to sit down, periodically, … once every two or three years and ask this question, “We’ve got fifty, seventy-five spiritual men. What can we ask those men this year to help us?” Now some of that may stay the same every year … but some of that may change based on need.
Knott continues to describe ways that deacons have helped the pastors at different times or seasons of ministry at First Baptist Orlando.
… every four or five years we’ll take our church roll and we’ll divide and give this much (indicating a significant portion with his hands) to each man … and give them four months to call every family on their roll. “Tell them you’re calling on behalf of the pastor, and you’re calling to verify all of their personal information so we can keep the database accurate.” We want to know if there’s anything they’d like to know about the life of the church, if they have any questions … And the last thing, “Is there anything going on in your life, in your family, that we can pray for?” And pray for them right then and there on the phone. So we’ve accomplished a ton of things in taking those four or five months to do that.
Knott excitedly explains the benefit of having “spiritual leaders” who undergird and support the pastors. Deacons at First Baptist Orlando eagerly accept the opportunity to care for widows, promote unity, and support the pastors of their church.
Six Core Ministries
While Dr. Jimmy Knott views the three functions as timeless and unchanging, each year he identifies specific core ministries for the deacons at First Baptist. During the 2007 calendar year, deacons at First Baptist Orlando have six core ministries. These specific assignments are described in their 46-page Deacon Ministry Information Book:
- Widows Ministry
- Sunday Morning Prayer Room
- Prospect Visitation
- Serving the Lord’s Supper
- Pastor’s Call to Prayer
Knott explains that other than the Widows Ministry, the list is subject to change from year to year. At times, deacons have been asked to serve in as many as ten core ministries. Other times the list has been as short as five core ministries.
The Deacon Ministry Information Book provides explanations of the expectations for each of the above ministries.
1. Widow’s Ministry
Duties. The Widows Ministry Director will assign each deacon one or more widows for whom the deacon will be responsible … The deacon will maintain regular, monthly contact with each of his widows through visits, phone calls, or cards, etc. The following are minimal duties; the needs of individual widows will vary. The deacon is to be sensitive to effectively serving his widows when it is necessary for him to go beyond these prescribed duties.
The minimal duties include making monthly contacts with each assigned widow, taking them to the annual Widow’s Banquet, sending a birthday card, and reporting any changes in a widow’s status to the Deacon Secretary.
2. Sunday Morning Prayer Room
Duties. Deacons and Yokefellows are assigned to the prayer room … to pray during the Sunday Morning worship services. The minimum time to serve is the first thirty minutes of either the 9:00 a.m. or 10:45 worship service. The Deacon Secretary prepares the assignment schedule. If a deacon cannot fulfill his assignment, he will obtain a replacement, and notify the Deacon Secretary.
A yokefellow is a man from the church family who assists the deacon in his ministry as a deacon. All deacons at First Baptist Orlando are asked to select a yokefellow. The third assigned deacon ministry is to follow up with church prospects.
3. Prospect Visitation
Duties. This function is responsible for contacting prospects, either by phone or a personal visit. Assignments are made by the Deacon Secretary. If a deacon cannot fulfill his assignment, he will obtain a replacement and notify the Deacon Secretary before Thursday preceding the assigned date.
The Deacon Secretary at the church emails the visitation assignment or places it in the deacon’s mailbox. Each deacon has their own box in the Deacon Room at the church. Deacons are expected to make contact and report results back to the church within a week.
4. Serving the Lord’s Supper
Duties. The scheduled dates for serving the Lord’s Supper are shown on the Calendar. All deacons and yokefellows are expected to serve the Lord’s Supper. They are to report to their Team Leader in the Narthex twenty minutes before each service. Assignments to serve a particular area are made by the Administrative Director and Serving Team Leaders.
First Baptist Orlando obviously has a high view of the role of deacons in serving Communion. The Deacon Ministry Information Book includes a calendar of assigned Lord’s Supper dates and Knott has Deacon Officers who organize and assign deacons to specific sections in the worship center. The importance of this ministry is also seen in the expectation to